单双中特王长期公开 www.ybcy5.cn 2014新版八年级英语下册第1-----第10单元知识点总结
Unit 1 What’s the matter?
1. What’ s the matter? 怎么啦？出什么事情了？
【解析】matter/ ' m?t?(r)) /n.问题；事情
What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 你怎么了？
【注】： matter 和trouble 为名词， 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词，wrong 是adj. 不能加the
What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble? = What’s up? = What happens to sb.?
— What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold.
2. I had a cold.我感冒了。 have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒
have a fever 发烧 have a cough咳嗽 have a stomachache胃疼，肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache头疼
stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache后背痛
4. much too+ 形容词，意为 太...... ，too much+名词，意为 很多，大量 。
5. enough【形容、副词】足够的/地，enough放在名前后，形副后。good enough足够好，enough money=much money
6. lie down躺下， lie 躺，躺着，过去式lay；lie说谎，过去式lied
7. maybe “或许”，常用于句首，表示可能性，后加句子。Maybe you are right.
may be，是情态动词+be的结构，意为“可能，也许”，后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.
sound like+名词代词和从句：It sounds like you don’t know the truth.
It sounds like a good idea. sound+形容词，“听起来，好像”，The music sounds nice.
9. need 需要，实义动词need+名词，需要某物；
need to do sth.需要做某事，主语通常是人，表示人主动的动作：You need to listen carefully during class.
need doing sth.主语通常是物，表示被动的动作：Your dirty clothes need washing.
10. get off (the bus) 下（公交车） get on 上车
11. agree 同意，赞同；
agree with sth. 同意某事 如：I agree with that idea.
agree to sb. 同意某人的意见 如：I agree to LiLei.
12. trouble问题，麻烦 ；be in trouble遇到麻烦，make trouble 制造麻烦 ，have trouble (in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth做......有麻烦。
13. right away=right now=at once，意为 马上 。
14. advice [不可数名词]劝告，建议，向…征求意见， give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议； advise [动词] advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
advise sb. doing sth.
16. hurt 及物动词，使……疼痛，……受伤，He hurt his leg while exercising.
不及物动词，……（部位）疼。 His leg hurt badly.
clean 【动词】打扫，clean the classroom打扫教室，【形容词】 干净的 ，cleaner意为 清洁工 。
18. hit （用手或器具）打；击打 The boy hit the dog with a stone.
hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的头、鼻子、后背，on用在所打较硬的部位；
hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的脸、眼睛、肚子，in用在所打较软的部位。
be used to sth./ doing sth.习惯于、适应了……、做某事，强调状态；His grandpa was used to country life.
Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.
get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “变得习惯，逐渐适应……”强调过程、动作：
It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.
20. 【复习】free [形容词]空闲的free time；免费的the drink is for free；自由的I want to become a free bird.
free【动词】使……解脱，得到自由：He could not free his arm.
run out用完，用尽 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.
物sth. run out. 某物用尽了。
人sb. run out of sth. 人用尽了某物。He run out of all his money last night.
22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒险去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒险
23. the importance of (doing) sth.（做）某事的重要性
We students should know the importance of (learning) English.
importance n. 重要（性）， important adj.重要的，unimportant adj.不重要的
decision 【名词】决定；抉择； make a decision 做决定 ;
make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth. 。
25. be in the control of …掌管，管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.
be out of control无法控制，无法管理 be under control被控制住，在控制之中
26. 【复习】mind意为 介意 ，mind doing sth. 介意做某事 ,
Would you mind my opening the window?
27. give up (doing) sth. 放弃（做）某事，give up (playing) computer games；
give up后可接名词、代词和动词ing形式，也可不接，如: Never give up easily.
himself herself itself
如：Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.
2. 可用作表语，指的是表语和主语表示同一个或同一些人或事物。 如： She isn’t quite herself today.
如：She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.
look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己 teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学
enjoy oneself 玩得高兴，过得愉快
help oneself to sth 请自用……（随便吃/喝些……）.
say to oneself自言自语
leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下
buy oneself sth.给自己买……东西
introduce oneself 介绍……自己?
1. 反身代词不能单独做主语，但可以做主语的同位语，起强调作用。 如：我自己能完成作业。
（误）Myself can finish my homework. (正) I myself can finish my homework. / I can finish my homework myself.
2. 反身代词表示“某人自己”不能表示“某人的东西”，因为它没有所有格的形式。表达“某人自己的（东西）”时，须要用one’s own.
如：我用我自己的蜡笔画画。（误）I’m drawing with myself crayons. (正) I’m drawing with my own crayons.
Unit 2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks
1. sick 生病的，有病的；可在句中作表语Mary could not come because she is sick.
也可作定语a sick child
【区别ill】ill与sick同义；但是只在句中做表语，不做定语。Mary could not come because she is ill.
2. cheer (sb.) up（让某人）变得高兴；振奋起来The good news cheered up everyone in our class.
3. give out分发；散发，相当于hand out，The teacher is giving out/ handing out the test papers.
give sth. out to sb. 意为 把某物分发给某人 。
4. volunteer 【名词】志愿者 【动词】义务做，自愿做（某事）volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事 ，
The girls could volunteer in an after-school study program.
5. used to do sth.过去/曾经(常)做某事，表示过去的习惯、动作或状态，并强调现在已经不再存在或发生。
There used to be a cinema here. 这里曾有一个照相机。
They told me stories about the past and how things used to be. 他们告诉我关于这里过去的故事。
6. alone 【形容词】独自一人的，无感情色彩：The musician enjoyed living alone and writing songs himself.
lonely （感到）孤独寂寞的，带有很强的感情色彩，可做表语或定语。The lonely boy is not lonely now.
7. care for sb./sth.照顾；照料……
care 【名词】小心，关心take care of=look after →【动词】care about sb./sth.关心，在意某人/事
→【形容词】careful 仔细的 / careless 粗心的 →【副词】carefully 仔细地
8. such “这样的，这种，如此”，用于修饰名词
such+ a/ an+形容词+单数名词：such a good day 多么美好的一天 /such an exciting match 多么 精彩的比赛
such+形容词+复数名词/不可数名词：such important decisions 多么重要的建议 such delicious food 多么美味的食物
如果名词前被many, much, few, little修饰时，只能用so，而不用such：so many sick children/ so little time
9. try out for…参加…选拔，争取成为…Thirty football players tried out for the Best Player of the year.
10. journey 【名词】（尤指长途）旅行，行程；trip【名词】多指短途旅行；
travel【名词、动词】travel around the world →【名词】traveler旅行者
11.【复习】be busy with sth. 忙于（做）什么事情 be busy doing sth. 忙于（做）什么事情
12.【复习】try doing sth. 试着去做某事 try to do sth. 尽力去做某事 try one’s best (to do sth.) 尽某人最大的努力去做某事
13.【复习】be worried about sb./ sth. = worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人、某事
14. raise money集资，筹钱；raise money for…为……筹钱
make it possible (for sb.) to do sth.使（某人）做某事成为可能，
You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.
make it +形容词(+for sb.) to do sth. 使（某人）做某事成为…；
think/find it +形容词to do sth.
18. make a difference to…对……有影响；对……有作用，difference前可以用no, any, some, much等修饰，如
The rain made no difference to the game.
Hard-working makes much difference to study.
have difficulty (in) doing sth.= have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难
20. train【动词】训练，trained为过去分词，可做定语，意为“受过训练的”a trained dog
21. be excited about sth. 对某事感到兴奋 ，Everyone is excited about the good news.
【复习】excited意为 兴奋的，修饰人；exciting意为 令人兴奋/激动的，修饰物。
22. order【名词】命令，指示；顺序，次序【动词】订购；点（菜）follow the order。
23. change【动词】变化，改变It’s hard for a person to change his life(style). 【名词】变化；零钱
change A for B用A换成B：When you travel in China, remember to change US dollars for RMB.
repair 【动词】修理，修补； fix【动词】安装；使固定 【fix up修理=repair】
Unit3 Could you please clean your room?
Peter ,could you please take out the trash? 彼得，你能把垃圾倒了吗？
Could you please do sth ?请你（做）......好吗？ 用于提出请求，希望得到对方的肯定回答，说话的语气比较客气委婉。
【常用答语】肯定回答：Sure./ Of course./ Certainly./No problem. 否定回答： Sorry , I can’t
2、take out 取出（v+ adv）
His teeth hurt badly. The dentist take them out .
【短语】take out the trash 倒垃圾 take a walk 散步 take away 拿走，取走
take back 收回 take place 发生 take off 脱下； 起飞
3. Can you do the dishes.？那你可以洗盘子吗？
do the dishes 洗碗
【结构1】do the +名词： do the dishes/ laundry 洗餐具/衣服
【结构2】do the +动词-ing do the cleaning 打扫卫生
【结构3】do one’s + 名词 do one’s housework/ homework 做家务/家庭作业
【结构4】do some +动词-ing do some reading/ shopping 读写书/购物
Could I at least finish watching this show? 至少让我看完这个节目可以吗？
1】Could I do a sth? 我可以做......吗？
用于表达请求，语气比较委婉。 Could I go out with my classmate this weekend?
2】at least 至少，多指数量或程度上的最低限度。(反) at most 至少，不超过
Now all of us exercise at least an hour a day and outside school.
3】finish v 结束；完成 finish doing sth 做完某事
— Can you finish __reading__ these books before 10 o'clock? — Yes, I can.
5、I think two hours of TV is enough for you! 我觉得你看两个小时的电视已经足够了。
1】two hours of TV 表示时间、距离、金额、度量等词语作主语时，通常被视作整体，谓语动词用单数形式。
How time is flies! Three years __is_____(be) really a short time.
【解析2】enough I don’t have enough money with me.
足够；充分（放在形容词；副词后）The river is deep enough for swimming.
【记】 Mr. Smith has enough money ,but he isn’t kind enough to help others.
6、Could you take out the rubbish,fold the clothes and do the dishes?
【解析】take out 拿出；取出
拿；取 Please take some books to the classroom.
Take this medicine three times a day.
They usually take the bus to work.
It takes me two hours to do my homework every day.
take a walk 去散步 take a rest 休息 take care of 照顾 take off 脱下；起飞 take up 占据 take down 拿下 take one’s time 不急；慢慢来 take one’s temperature 量体温
7. The minute I sat down in front of the TV, my mom came over .
【解析1】the minute = as soon as “一...... 就......” Please write to me the minute you get there.
【解析2】 in front of
in front of 指在物体外部的前面
There is a bike in front of the classroom.
in the front of 【辨析】
Our teacher is standing in the front of the classroom
【记】 The driver sat _____in the front of___________ the car. The policeman stood ___in front of________ the car.
at table 吃饭；进餐 in hospital 住院
at the tabel 在桌边 in the hospital 在医院（不一定看?。?p>【解析3】come over 过来
【拓展】 come 短语：
come across（偶然）发现 come back 回来 come up with想出
come true实现 come down下来 come from=be from来自,出生于
come in/into进入,进来 come on赶快,加油 come along走吧,过来,快点
come and go来来去去 come up上来 come out出来，(花)开，(照片)冲洗出来
7. You watch TV all the time and never help out around the house! 你总是看电视，从不帮忙做家务！
all the time = always 一直；总是
8. I’m just as tired as you are! 我和你一样累！ 【解析】as...as ... 和......一样......
9. For one week , she did not do any housework and neither did I. 一周的时间，她不做任何家务，我也不做。
【解析】neither +助动词/系动词/情态动词 +主语 “某人（主语） 也不”
neither …nor… 既不…也不…,连接两个词做主语，谓语动词由后一个主语确定Neither Tom nor Jim is a student
⑵ 表达“…也不……” 则用 “Neither /Nor + be / V助 / V情 + 主”
—The first one wasn’t bad. — Neither was the second.
10. The next day , my mom came home from work to find the house clean and tidy.
【注】find → found →found v寻找
(1) find sb. doing sth 发现某人做某事
(2) find it + adj. + to do sth 发现做某事很……
◆find it difficult/ hard to do sth 发现做某事很困难 She found _it__ hard to finish the work by herself.
11. She asked in surprise.她吃惊地问道。
【解析】in surprise 惊奇地；吃惊地
surprise v 使吃惊→surprising adj. 令人吃惊的 →surprised adj. 吃惊的
to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是 in surprise 吃惊地 be surprised at 对……感到吃惊
To my surprise_(使我吃惊的是），he got the first prize in the exam.
12. “ I’m do sorry, Mom. I finish understand that we need to share the housework to have a clean and comfortable home.” I replied.
【解析1】need v 需要
(1)人做主语，sb. need to do sth 某人需要做某事
(2)物做主语，sth need doing sth= sth need to be done
①Students need ___to have_______(have) a good rest in studying. ②The watch needs__mending___(mend).
(1)needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要
(2)need ,must 引导的一般疑问句，肯定会的用must,否定回答用needn’t
— Must I go there now? — Yes，you must/No, you needn’t
【解析2】share 分享；共用 share sth 分享或共用某物 share sth with sb. 与某人分享某物
(All his friends __Shared___ his happiness when he won the match.
13.Could I hang out with my friends after the movie? 看完电影后我能和朋友们一起闲逛吗？
【解析】hang out 闲逛 hang up 把......悬挂/挂起
14. Could you please pass me the salt?你能把盐递给我吗？
【解析】pass ⑴v 给；递；走过；通过 pass sb.sth 把某物递给某 Pass on 传递
Please pass the paper on to the other students.
⑵ v 通过；路过 I pass your home.
⑶ v 通过（考试） ；及格 Tom can pass his math exam.
15. Could I borrow that book?我能借下你那本书看吗、
Could you lend me some money?你能借我一些钱吗？
(1)borrow 借入 ,与from 连用，尤指主语“【借进来”】
borrow sth from sb. 从某人那里借某物 You can borrow the book from the library.
(2)lend 借出 ,与to 搭配 【指借出去】
lend sb sth=lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人He doesn’t want to lend his book to others.
【记】 I want to __borrow__ a bike from my friend but he didn’t _lend___ it to me,
because Tom had _kept____ it for two days.
16. I cut my finger and I’m trying not to get it wet.
【解析】try (not) to do sth努力（不）做某事。
try v 试图，设法，努力
【拓展】 (1)try on 试穿
(2) try to do sth 努力做某事 【侧重尽力做】
(3) try doing sth 试图做某事 【侧重尝试做】
(4)try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事
17. I hate to do chores. 我讨厌做家务。
hate to do sth 讨厌做某事, 表示某次具体行为或动作。 I hate to trouble him.
hate doing sth不愿意做某事 表示经?；蛳肮咝孕形蚨?。 She hates smoking in her room.
18.Could I ask you to help me with some chores then?
【解析】ask sb. to do sth 要求某人做某事。
ask for 请求，要某物
ask sb. about sth 向某人询问关于某事
(1)ask sb. for help 向某人请求帮助
(2) ask sb. (not) to do sth请求某人做某事
ask sb. to do sth
ask sb. not to do sth
ask sb for sth
ask for help
19.I’ll finish my homework while you help me with the dishes. 当你帮我洗盘子的时候，我将完成我的家庭作业。
【解析1】finish doing sth 完成某事
— Can you finish _reading__ these books before 10 o’clock? — Yes, I can.
【解析2】while conj. “在……期间； 当……的时候”
_While __ the children have fun, parents can take dance lessons on the beach.
【解析3】help sb. with sth. 在某事上帮助某人。
【注】help v 帮助 → helpful adj. 有帮助的
(1)help sb. do sth. =help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
(2)with the help of sb.=with one’s help在某人的帮助之下
(3)without the help of 没有在…的帮助之下
①I think reading is very __helpful____(help).
② __Without____ your help, we couldn’t catch the thief.
20. Could I invite my friends to a party? 我能邀请我的朋友们来聚会吗？
【解析】invite sb. to Sp. 邀请某人去某地
【解析】invite v → invitation n邀请
(1) invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人做某事
(2)invite sb. to +地点 邀请某人去某地
21.I don’t understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home.
【解析】make sb. do sth 让某人做某事
make → made →made v. 做， 制作， 使得
(1) make sb/sth + 形容词 “让某人或某物…” make you happy
(2) make sb/sth do sth 使某人做某事 make me laugh.
Colors can change our moods and make us _feel__ happy or sad, energetic or sleep.
22.They don’t have time to study and do housework，too.
【解析】have time to do sth.有时间做某事
have time =be free 有空
23. Housework is a waste of their time. 做家务是在浪费他们的时间。
【解析】a waste of 浪费 a waste of time 浪费时间 a waste of money 浪费金钱
waste v “浪费”
waste time/money on sth waste time / money (in) doing sth 在做某事上花费时间/金钱
Don’t ____waste______water. Can’t you see the sign “save water”?
24.They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and
get into a good university. 为了取得好成绩并考上一所好大学，他们应该把时间用在学习上。
【解析1】spend... on sth 在某事上花费......
(1)spend→spent→spent v 花费,主语是人
◆ sb.+ spend +时间/钱+on sth ◆sb. +spend +时间/钱+（in） doing sth
◆spend on= pay for 支付
He spends too much time on the computer games.
Remember to spend some time _with_ your loved ones, because they’re not going to be around forever.
My father __spent___ one hundred thousand yuan on his new car.
(2) pay →paid →paid v 支付，主语是人
◆sb.+ pay + 钱+for sth I pay 10 yuan for the book.
— How much did you __pay__ for this computer? — Five hundred dollars.
(3) cost→ cost→ cost v 花费，主语是某物或某事
◆sth cost sb. +钱 某物花费某人多少钱
A new computer costs me a lot of money.
I bought a new sweater last weekend. It ___cost_ me 120 yuan.
(4)take→took → taken v 花费
◆It takes ook sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间
It takes him 3 hours to do his homework.
【解析2】in order to “目的是；为了” 后接动词原形。 in order to do sth 为了做某事
He ran quickly in order not __to be___ late for the meeting.
【解析3】get into =enter 进入
get up 起床 get back 返回 get over 克服
get dressed穿衣 get into进入 get/be lost丢失 get off/on下/上车
get on well with sb.与某人相处得好 get out of从…出来 get warm 变暧
get ready for +n.为…做准备 get ready to do sth.准备做某事
get well康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会
get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡 相关：(be asleep睡着)
25.Also,when they get older, they will have to do housrwork so there’s no need for them to do it now.
【解析】get older 长大
get/ become/ go辨析：
get+adj较多地与形容词比较级连用。 The days are getting longer and longer.
become 强调变化的结果 It's becoming colder and colder.
go+adj.''表示令人不快的事情 go bad变坏，go blind变瞎，go hungry挨饿
26. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. 在家为孩子们提供一个干净、舒适的环境是父母的义务。
【解析】provide sth. for sb. 为某人提供某物
provide v 提供
provide sb. with sth. (sb 前介词用for) =provide sth for sb.( sth 前需加介词with)供应某人某物
相当于：offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.
provide sb. with sth. =provide sth for sb.提供某人某物
offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.对某人提供某物 offer to do sth 主动提出干某事
定期“供应” , 强调替代或补充所需物品
Supply sb. with sth=supply sth. to sb. 为某人提供某物
①The Internet provides us _with__a lot of _information___we need.
② —Could you please provide us _with___ some information about the students’ health? — Of course, it’s my pleasure.
27. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. 无论如何，我认为做家务并不那么难。
【解析】anyway 无论如何, (一般放在句首，用逗号和句子隔开）
28. I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework.
【解析】It is important for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是重要的
29. Children these days depend on their parents too much. 现在的孩子太依赖他们的父母。
【解析】depend on 依靠；信赖
—— Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow? —— Well, it all ___depends on____ the weather.
30. ... Everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.
【解析1】 do one’s part 尽职责；尽本分 Do one’s part in doing sth 在做某事上尽职责
【解析2】keep +sth /sb. +adj. “使......处于某种状态”
Her mother asked her to keep the windows __open__ and the door __closed__.
keep 系动词 “保持” keep + adj . We must keep healthy.
(1)\tkeep ( on ) doing sth 继续做某事 He was in great pain but he kept on working
He kept on __ talking__ after the ball rang for class.
(2) keep sb. Doing sth 让某人一直做某事 I’m sorry to have kept you waiting for so long.
My teacher kept me __doing___ homework all the afternoon.
31. Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. 做杂务不仅可以培养孩子们的独立性还可以教 他们如何照顾自己。
【解析】develop independence 培养独立意识
develop v→development n 发展→developing adj. 发展的→developed adj. 发达的
a developing country 一个发展中国家a developed country 一个发达国家 China is a __developing___country.
32. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.既然他们和父母同住在一个房子里，他们应该知道保持家里干净、整洁每个人都应该参与。
【解析】since conj. 既然 (表示对方已知的事实或理由，常放在句首）
.—You have been in Neijiang very long? —Yeah. __Since___my parents came here.
33. Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he had n idea how to take care of himself. 我们邻居的儿子上一所好大学，但是在第一年的时候，他还不知道如何照顾自己。
take care of 照顾Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ___take care of___ my baby at home.
take photos/pictures 照像 take away拿走 take out取出(work out算出) take care当心 take a walk散步
take medicine服药 take place发生take one’s temperature量体温 take one’s time别着急
34. As a result , he often fell ill and his grades dropped. 结果，他常常生病，功课也落下了。
【解析1】as a result 结果 （插入语，放在句首，用逗号隔开）
Don’t ask him too late into the night, __As a result___ , he is only a small child.
【解析2】fall ill 生病 fall asleep 入睡
35 .The earlier kids learn to be independent , the better it is for their future.孩子们越早学会独立，对他们的未来越好。
【解析】the + 比较级， the + 比较级 “越...... 越...... ”
The more you smile, the ___ happier____ you will feel.
Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?
Why don’t you talk to your parents? 你为什么不和你打父母谈谈呢？
【解析】Why don't you do sth ?= Why not do sth? 为什么不......呢？
(1)What about doing sth ?=How about doing sth? ….怎么样？
(2)Why don’t you do sth?= Why not do sth? 为什么不呢？
(3)Let’s do sth.让我们一起做某事吧。
(4)Shall we/I do sth?我们做…好吗？
(5)had better do/not do sth 最好做/不做某事
(6) Will/Would you please do sth 请你做…好吗？
(7) Would you like to do sth? 你想去做某事吗？
(8)Would you mind doing sth？你介意做某事吗？
I have to study too much so I don’t get enough sleep. 我要学的太多，因此我睡眠不足。
【解析1】(1)too many + 复数名词 许多 too many people
(2)too much +不可数名词 许多 too much homework
(3)much too +形容词 太… much too cold
【2013山东德州1】— What’s the matter? — I have a stomachache. Maybe I have eaten ___ tonight.
A. too much B. too many C. much too
【解析2】so conj. 因此 (表示因果关系，后面跟表示结果的句子，不与because同时使用）
【2013浙江舟山、嘉兴1】18. The shops were closed_______ I didn't get any milk.
A. so B. as C. or D. but
My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends. 我的父母不允许我和我的朋友们出去闲逛。
【解析】allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事
【拓展】allow v 允许
allow doing sth 允许做某事 They don’t allow smoking.
allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事My mother allows me to watch TV.
be allowed to do sth 被允许做某事
4. What’s wrong? 怎么啦？
【解析】What’s wrong( with sb./ sth) （某人/物） 怎么了？
【2013四川南充】— Mum , I’m not feeling well. — Oh, dear! _____.
A. What’s wrong B. Not at all C. All right.
I’m really tried because I studied until midnight last night. 我真的很累，因为我昨天晚上一直学习到半夜。
【2013山东临沂2】23. Please hold on to your dream _____ one day it comes true.
A. if B. until C. unless D. though
【2013山东青岛3】13. If you have trouble pronouncing these words, you can repeat them over and over again ______ you are comfortable with them. A. unless B. if C. until D. while
【2013浙江丽水3】18. —Hey, man. You can’t cross the street now. You have to wait _____ the traffic turn green.
—Oh, sorry and thank you. A. when B. after C. until D. while
Why don’t you go to sleep earlier this evening?今天晚上你为什么不早点睡觉呢？
【解析】go to sleep 去睡觉 (强调“入睡，睡着”这一动作）
7. You look sad, Kim. 金，你看起来很伤心。
【解析】look 看起来 （系动词，后跟形容词作宾语）
【2012江苏苏州3】Some of friends eat with their eyes. They prefer to (更喜欢） what ____ nice.
A. feels B. smells C. looks D. tastes
一是：（be） am /is /are be quiet=keep quiet 保持安静
二保持：stay/keep （表示持续状态） stay healthy=keep healthy 保持健康
( )Jack usually gets ______ when he speaks in public. A. happily B. exciting C. worried D. tired
( ) Tom’s father looks very _____. But he is very kind. A. seriously B. serious C. friendly
You ____ call him up. 你____ 给他打电话。
【解析】call up (v + adv) call on 拜访；号召 I call up my parents every Sunday.
9.Well, I found my sister looking through my things yesterday. 哦，昨天我发现我妹妹翻了我的东西。
【解析1】find sb. doing sth 发现某人正在做某事Mr. Wang found Li Dong reading a storybook in the class.
类似动词：hear，watch, see, feel
【贵州安顺】When I went into the room, I found ___ in bed. A. him lying B. he lying C. he lies D. him was lying
【解析2】look through 浏览
look for look after=take care of look like look the same look over look through
look out look up look around look forward to
10. Yes, but I’m still angry with her. 是的，但是我仍然很生她的气。
【解析】be angry with sb. 生某人的气
【拓展】angry adj. 生气的→ angrily adv. 生气地
(1)be angry with sb. =be mad at sb. 对某人生气【with后接人】
(2)be angry at/about sth对某事感到生气 【at后接事】
(3)be angry to do sth 做某事感到生气
11.Although she’s wrong, It’s not a big deal. 尽管她错了，但也不是什么大错。
【解析1】although= though 尽管 , 用来引导让步状语从句。
【注】though / although 不能与but连用
【2012曲靖中考】 ____ my father isn’t pleased with his working environment , he still works hard.
A. And B. Although C. But D. Before
【2013福建福州3】41. — The boy can speak both English and Japanese _________ he is only ten.
— Wow, what a clever boy!
A. if B. because C. although
【2013浙江3】32. —Look! Some people are running the red lights. —We should wait _______ others are breaking the rule.
A. if B. unless C. although D. because
Although he is very old, yet he is quite strong.他虽然年纪大了，但身体还很健壮。
⑵ however adv，在句中作插入语，起一个连词的作用，一般用逗号与句子分开，可以放在句首或句中，意为“然而，尽管如此”。
It’s raining hard, However, I think we should go out.雨下的很大。尽管如此，我认为我们还应该出去。
【解析2】It’s not a big deal. 没什么大不了；不是什么大事（常用于口语中）
You left your homework at home. 你把作业忘在家里了。
【解析】leave v 遗忘，留下 leave sth . somewhere把某物忘在某地 leave sb. by oneself 把某人单独留下
【2012山东济宁】22.—Sorry, Mr. Green. I have ____ my homework at home.
—Never mind. But don't forger next time.
A. put B. kept C. left D. remained
12. Hope things work out. 希望事情顺利解决。
【解析1】hope v 希望
hope to do sth I hope to visit Guilin. hope + that 从句 （表示希望） I hope that you’ll be better soon
wish v 希望 wish to do sth I wish to visit Guilin.
wish sb.to do sth 希望某人做某事 I wish you to go.
wish +that 从句 表示愿望，从句用虚拟语气 I wish I were you.
【解析2】work out 解决；成功地发展，后跟fine,well, badly等词，表明产生的结果如何。
The math problem is too difficult for me to work out
I have worked out a new way of doing it.
The government has many problems to work out.
【2013四川遂宁3】30. The teachers encourage their students to ____ the problems by themselves, and in this way students can enjoy success.
A. give up B. work out C. look through
13.My problem is I can’t get on with my favorite. 我的问题是我不能喝我的家人和睦相处。
【解析】get on with sb. 和某人和睦相处；和某人关系良好 =get along with get on well/ badly with 相处的好/坏
【2013山西1】26. A student in Fudan University was killed by his roommate just because of small things in daily life. It is important for students to learn how to ________ each other.
A. get on with B. come over to C. stay away from
【2013湖北十堰】32. —What kind of persons do you prefer to make friends with?
—I choose my friends on their characters and how we __________.
A. get in B. get up C. get on D. get off
14.When they argue, it’s like a big, black cloud hanging over our home.当他们争吵的时候，就像有一大团乌云笼罩在我们家。
→argument n 争论 have an argument with sb.与某人辩论
argue with sb. 与某人争吵 argue with sb. about sth 为某事与某人争吵 argue about sth 争论某事
argue against 争辩；反对 He argued against the plan
【2013辽宁锦州】11. —He looks unhappy today. —Let’s _______.
A. cheer him up B. help out him C. look him after D. argue with him
【解析2】 hang over 挂在......之上； 悬浮在......之上
hang out 闲逛；常去某处 He likes reading and he often hangs out in the bookshop.
hang on to 紧紧抓住 You’d better hang on to me in the crowd.
hang up 挂电话；悬挂 After she finished her conversation
15.Also, my elder brother is not very nice to me.
【解析】elder adj.年纪较长的 His elder brother is ill.
【记】 My ______brother is 7 years older than my younger sister.
【2013南京2】 I’m surprised that John is only 25. I thought he was ________ , for he seems to be in his thirties.
A. old B. older C. young D. younger
【解析2】be nice to sb. 对某人友好 be friendly to sb. be good to sb.
16.He always refuses to let me watch my favorite TV show. 他总是拒绝让我看我最喜欢的电视节目。
【解析】refuse =say no to v拒绝 refuse to do sth拒绝去做某事
The boy refused __________(go) to see his father with us.
( ) He refused when I asked him for help. A. said yes B. said no C. said hello
【2013浙江宁波】74. He invited her to his birthday party but she _______(拒绝).
17.Instead he watches whatever he wants until late at night.
【解析1】 instead 代替，反而，替
(1) instead 副词，代替，常放在句首或句尾,表示前面的事情没做，而做了后面的事情。
Lee was ill so I went instead.李病了，所以我去了。
(2) instead of +n/doing 代替，而不是，放在句中
instead of 为介词短语，后面一般接名词、代词、介词短语或动名词形式。
She wrote to him instead of calling him.=She didn’t call him. She wrote to him instead.
( ) Health is very important to us. We should eat more vegetables and fruit _____ rich food.
A. instead B. instead of C. because of D. because
【2011江苏徐州4】14. We’ve got no coffee. Let’s have tea _______.
A. either B. however C. yet D. instead
【2013江苏盐城】59.To keep fit, we should have more vegetables and fruit _________(代替) of too much meat.
【解析2】 whatever = no matter what 任何，每一
【2013甘肃兰州】_________ happens, I won’t change my mind.(无论什么）
18.If your parents are having problems, you should offer to help. 如果你的父母有问题，你应该主动提供帮助。
【解析】 offer to do sth 主动提出做某事
【拓展】offer v 主动给予
(1) offer to do sth 主动提出做某事
(2)offer sb. sth= offer sth to sb. 主动提供给某人某物
( )The little boy _____ his seat to the old lady on the crowded bus. A. offered B. brought C. lent D. took
【2013山东莱芜2】27. The little boy ________ his seat to an old lady on the crowded bus.
A. lent B. offered C. took D. brought
19.Secondly,why don’t you sit down and communicate with your brother? 其次，你为什么不能坐下来和你的哥哥交流一下呢？
【解析2】communicate v交流 communication n 交流；沟通communicate with sb. 和某人交流
They communicate with each other by QQ.
( ) They can’t understand each other so they have difficulty in _____.
A. communicate B. communicated C. communicating
20.You should explain that you don’t mind him watching TV all the time. 你应该跟他解释说你并不介意他一直看电视。
【解析】explain 解释；说明 → explanation n 解释；说明
explain sth to sb. 向某人解释某事。 explain to sb sth给某人解释某事
【江苏扬州】Mr. Wu always spends a lot of time __________(解释) things to us.
【2012浙江宁波】22. —Do you ________that Nancy has been a little too quiet these days?
—Yes. She didn't even say a word this afternoon. A. hope B. notice C. explain D. decide
21. I’m worried about my school grades. 我很胆小我的学习成绩。
【解析】 be worried about sth. 担心某事
【拓展】worry v 担心 → worried adj. 焦急的 worry about = be worried about 为……担心
①Don’t be _________(worry). You’ll catch up with others.
( )② Don’t ____ about things so much. It will make you stressed out.
afraid B. worry C. worried D. Terrified
【2013绍兴】91. －You look _________ . What's up, sir? －I can't find my ticket, but it's time to check in.
A. sleepy B. hungry C. tired D. worried
22.My cousin borrows my things without returning them.我堂弟借我东西没有还我。
【解析】return ⑴v 归还=give back return ... to ... = give back to ... 把......还给......
⑵ v 回来；返回 = come back
【2012浙江宁波】He borrowed my iphone 4 and didn’t ________(归还） it to me.
23.My parents give me a lot of presure about school.我父母在学习上给了我很多压力。
【解析】press v 按；压 →pressure压力
⑴不可数名词 （物理学）压力air pressure 气压 blood pressure 血压
⑵不可数名词 还可指精神上、外界施加的压力 = stress under pressure 在压力下
24.I have to compete with my classmates at school.在学校我不得不和我的同学们竞争。
【解析】compete v竞争；对抗 → competition n 竞争
compete with sb. 和某人竞争compete against/ with 与……竞争compete for 为……参加比赛
We are ready for the coming ________________(compete).
25.You should all be ___ each other to improve. 你们都应该互相____ 而全面发展。
【解析】improve =make ... better 改进 →improvement n 提高
26.Who gives their opinions about the problem? 对于这个问题都有谁提出了他们自己的观点。
【解析】opinion n 意见；想法；看法 in one’s opinion 以某人的观点；在某人看来
give opinions about sth. 给出关于某事的观点。
27.These days , Chinese children are sometimes busier on weekends than weekdays because they have to take so many after-school classes .目前，中国的孩子有时周末比平?；挂?，因为他们不得不上那么多的课后辅导班。
【解析】some time /sometime/some times/sometimes
【口诀】：分开是一段， 合起是某时； 分开s 是倍次，合起s是有时
(1) some time一段时间，做时间状语 It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间
(2) sometime adv 在某个时候，
(3) some times 名词词组，“几次，几倍” Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer.
(4)sometimes=at times 有时 （一般现在时的标志词）
( ) I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future.
A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time
【2013广西】At times an ad can lead you to buy something you don’t need at all. so you have to be careful.
A. Sometime B. Sometimes C. Some time D. Some times
28. Others are practicing sports so that they can compete and win. 其他人正在练习体育运动， 这样他们就能参与竞争并获胜。
【解析】 others pron. “其他的人或事物”There are other ways of doing it. 做这事还有其他的办法。
( ) My sister is outgoing . She likes making friends with ____.
A. other B. another C. the other D. others
29.The Taylors are a typical American family.泰勒一家是一个典型的美国之家。
【解析1】The Taylors 泰勒一家 。 在姓氏的复数前加冠词the表示“全家人或夫妻两人”，使用时注意主语和谓语保持一致。The Blacks are getting ready for the holiday.
【2012广东】____ Greens are preparing for the coming Thanksgiving Day. A. / B.A C. An D. The
【解析】typical 典型的 be typical of “是……的特点”
30.. Maybe I could cut out a few of their activities, but I believe these activities are important for my children’s future.
【解析】cut out 删除；删去 (v+adv) You’d better cut out that sentence.
cut up 切碎 cut down 砍到 cut in 插队 cut off 切断（水、电）供应
( ) Don’t ___ when others talk; it’s impolite. A. cut out B. cut in C. cut down D. cut off
31. I really want them to be successful. 我真的很想他们成功。
【解析】successful 成功的【拓展】 succeed v 成功，达到 →success n 成功
→successful adj 成功的→successfully adv成功地
◆succeed in doing sth
①If at first you don’t ____________(success) . try, try again.
( )② She works very hard ,so she will ____ in ____ the exam.
A. successful; pass B. success ;passing C. succeed; passing D. successful; passing
【2013甘肃兰州】87. Details decide ______ (成功) or not. If we take everything seriously, we’ll achieve our goals.
【2013贵州铜仁】85.—What’s the secret of your ________（success）?—Work hard.
【2013四川凉山】85. After hundreds of experiments, Edison _______ (成功)invented the light bulb.
【2013山东青岛3】12. It is ______ that Mr. Guo sailed across the world by himself ______ within about 130 days
A. terrified, successful B. scary, successfully C. amazing, successfully D. convincing, successful
32.It’s time for homework.该写作业了。
【解析】It’s time for sth 是到做某事的时候了。It’s time for lunch. It’s time to do sth It’s time to go to school.
( ) It’s 9:30 pm., children! _____ is time to go to bed.
A. That B. It C. This D. They
In some families, competition starts very young and continues until the kids get older.
【拓展】continue doing sth =go on doing sth 继续做某事(前后做同一件事)
continue to do sth = go on to do sth 继续做某事（前后不是同一件事）
①Let’s continue____________(read) the text.
②Many students hope to continue ________ (study) after _______(finish) school.
（ ）③ The two teams continued _____ the game after half an hour.
A. play B. to play C. playing D. played
【拓展】continue，go on, last辨析
He continue the work for two days.他连续两天都在做这项工作。
⑵ go on指无间歇或有间歇地继续，或以某种特定方式继续。
go on to do sth继续做某事，指开始做另外一件事；
go on doing sth继续做原来所做的事情。
After doing his homework, he went on to preview his lessons.做完家庭作业之后，他继续去预习他的研究。
She won’t last long in that job.那个工作她做不了多久。
34.Mothers send their small kids to all kinds of classes. 妈妈们把她们的小孩子送去各种各样的辅导班。
【解析1】send→ sent → sent v 发送
【短语】： send away 赶走 send for 派人去请
send off 寄出 send out 分发 send up 发射send sb. sth = send sth to sb. 送给某人某物
【注】类似的动词有：show (展示； 给……看) give (给) lend (借出) offer（提供） return （归还） tell （ 告诉）
( ) ① You fill in both parts of the form, then_____.A. send up it B. send for it C. send it away D. send it off
( ) Please send a photo of your family ____ me. A. for B. at C. to D. with
【2011四川绵阳】--- Drunken drive is dangerous, isn’t it?
---- Yeah. That why drunken drivers_____ to prison even without causing accidents.
A. sent B. are sent C. send D. are sending
【解析2】all kinds of 各种各样的
【拓展】kind (1) n 种类
kind of +adj.有点，有几分，kind of cold 有点冷 a kind of 一种的，某种的 all kinds of 各种各样的
different kinds of 不同种类的 What kind of…?那种
(2) adj. 友好的 be kind to sb. = be good to sb.=be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
【辨析】kind of 与kinds of:
kind of 单独用，表示“有点”，后接形容词或副词： He is kind of thin.”他有点瘦” I feel kind of hungry.”我有点饿”
Uncle Wang speaks kind of quickly. 王叔叔说得有点快。
若kind of前有a, this, that, what等，译为“种，种类” 后加名词。
That kind of question is difficult to answer. 那类问题难回答。What kind of sport do you like best? 你最喜欢何种运动？
( ) ①This kind of skirt looks ___ and sells _____.
A. nice ; well B. nice; good C. well; well D. good ;nice
( ) ②—What ____ animals do you like? — Monkeys. I think they’re _____ clever.
A. kind of; kind of B . a kind of ;a kind of C. kind of; a kind D. a kind of ; kind of
( )③ — It’s going to rain. Let me fetch an umbrella for you. — Thank you ! You are so ____.
A. lucky B. kind C. relaxed D. Interesting
【2013浙江台州】17. —I want to see the movie Iron Man 3 (《钢铁3》). Do you know the ______ of the ticket?
—Yes. Five dollars.
A. number B. price C. kind D. name
35..Kids should have time to relax and think for themselves, too. 孩子们也应该有时间放松和独立思考。
【解析】have time to do sth 有时间做某事
( ) Do you have time _____ this game with us?
A. to play B. play C. playing D. played
36. And they are always comparing them with other children.她们总是把自己的孩子和其他的孩子作比较。
【解析】compare A with B 将A和B 比较
(2) compare…to… 把…..比做……
( ) ①. People often compare a teacher a candle.
A. to B. into C. as D. with
( ) ②. It’s necessary English Chinese in English study.
A. compare ; to B. to compare ; with C. comparing ; to D. to compare; into
【2011四川广元】— Why are most children under too much pressure ?
— Because their parents always compare them ___ others.
A. With B. by C. to
37. Doctors say too much pressure is not good for a child’s development.医生说太多的压力不利于孩子们的发展。
【解析1】be good for 对......有好处
【拓展】good ( better ; best) adj. 好的 → goodness n 好处；善行 ；美德
be good for 对….有益处（反） be bad for对…有害处
be good at +n/doing=do well in +n/doing 擅长于做某事
be good to sb. =be kind to =be friendly to sb.对某人友好
【记】The boy is good ______me .He is good ______English , and he tells me oral practice is good ______improve spoken English.
【新疆中考】I think drinking milk is good ____ our health. A. for B. to C. with D. at
【湖北咸宁】 — I think drinking milk every morning is good ____ our health.
— Yes, I agree _____ you. A. to; to B. with; to C. at; with D. for; with
【山东临沂】English is my favorite subjiect , and I am good ___ it.
A. for B. to C. at D. of
【2012江苏泰州】Good habits are good for the ___________(develop) of us teenagers.
【2012江苏盐城】 The ____________(develop) of science has changed our world a lot.
38.Dr. Alice Green says all these activities can cause a lot of stress for children.
【解析】 cause v. 造成，使发生
(1) cause sb. to do sth 使某人做某事 (2) cause sb. for sb. 给某人添麻烦
( ) ①She always ___ trouble ___ people.
A. cause; to B. cause ; for C. causing; to D. causing; for
( ) ②Every year driving after drinking wine ____ a lot of traffic accidents.
A. happens B. provides C. causes
【拓展】 cause, reason, excuse辨析
The cause of the accident was the fact that he was driving too fast.事故的原因是他开车开的太快。
The reason he was driving so fast was that he didn’t want to miss an important meeting.他开车如此快的原因是他不想错过一个重要的会议。
He made a good excuse for his driving.他为自己开快车找了一个堂皇的借口。
( ) What ___ the flowers to die? A. made B. had C. caused D .get
( ) Do you often ___ trouble ____ your parents? A. get; into B. pay; for C. cause; for D. give; to
39. .In my opinion, it is important for children/ parents to ... 我认为， 对于孩子们/父母来说， ......是重要的。
【解析】in one’s opinion 以某人的观点； 在某人看来
40. Perhaps children/ parents should / could ......或许孩子们/父母应该/ 可能.......
Perhaps I will see him the day after tomorrow, but I am not sure.也许我后天去看他，不过我不能确定。
He will probably refuse the offer.他很可能会拒绝这份提议。
I’ll see you today, or possibly tomorrow.我今天要见你，不过也可能是明天。
Maybe you put the letter in your basket. 或许你把信放在你的篮子里了。
41. It’s crazy. 这是疯狂的。
【解析】crazy. adj. 不理智的；疯狂的 (在句中作定语、表语、宾语补足语)
be crazy about 对……着迷；热衷于…… I’m crazy about football.
42. Does Cathy Taylor think it’s important for kids to join after-school activities?
【解析】It’s + adj.(easy,difficult,important,necessary) +(for sb.) to do sth
【注】若形容词表示事物特征的，如：easy ,difficult, hard ,important等，须用介词for 【形容物，用for】
It’s +adj( kind, honest, friendly, )+(of sb) to do sth.
【注】 若形容词表示人的性格、品质与特点，如：good ,kind ,nice, wrong等，用介词of?！拘稳萑擞胦f】
【2012山东东营】It’s very convenient ___ us to buy train tickets now because we can buy them either from the station or on the Internet. A. to B. of C. by D. for
① It’s important for us _______(learn) English well.
②It’s hard for us ____________(finish) this task in two days.
( )③ It’s very nice ____ you to help me a lot. A. for B. of C. in D. on
( ) ④ –It’s very ___ of you to work out the problem for me. A. kind B. polite C. clever D. easy
43. keep on happening 持续发生
【解析】keep on doing 继续做某事 keep sb. doing sth 让某人一直做某事 keep up with 跟上
keep sb. from doing sth阻止某人做某事 keep away from避开
Mr. Li kept _________(work) here for nearly 30 years.
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